Tuesday, December 14, 2010

Saturday, December 11, 2010

What Would Our Lady of Guadalupe Do? Please remove ads for providers of the notorious abortifacient Plan B from your parish bulletins.

As so beautifully explained last year by Bishop Paul Loverde of Arlington,
  • "In God’s loving care, in His Divine Providence, Our Lady of Guadalupe and the cause of life are intertwined....in the image on Juan Diego’s cloak, the Blessed Virgin is depicted as a pregnant woman. The black belt which she is wearing is the symbol in the Aztec culture of a woman with child. And Christ is neither a young boy nor an adult, but rather a helpless, defenseless child in the womb of His mother Mary. So, the apparition of Our Blessed Lady on Tepeyac Hill proclaims that life is present within the mother’s womb: human life, a human being! The horror of abortion is that a pre-born, innocent and defenseless human being has his or her life unjustly taken away....

  • "A second reason for asserting that Our Lady of Guadalupe and the cause of life are intertwined is rooted in the fact that Mary 'appeared on Tepeyac Hill at a time when human sacrifice was part of the native Aztec culture. It has been estimated that one out of every five children was sacrificed to the Aztecs’ gods' (The Word Among Us, Advent 2009, p. 32). The apparition of Mary, depicted on Juan Diego’s cloak, conveyed an important message to the Aztecs: this woman, revealed as one belonging to the God whom the Spanish missionaries were proclaiming as the one true God, was pregnant with the Son of God, the author of all life....

  • "Just as Mary brought to Elizabeth, Zechariah and their son, John the Baptist, the Child hidden in her womb, Who is the author of life and the one Savior of the world, so at Tepeyac Hill, she brought the same Lord Jesus to the Aztecs and peoples everywhere."

We often hear that there have been 50 million abortions in the United States, since the 1973 Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision. Truth be told, that number is a gross underestimate. When you add chemical and mechanical methods, Pharmacists for Life International (PFLI) estimates that there have been 276,675,000 abortions, in the U.S. alone. That means that more than five times as many abortions can be accounted for through pharmaceutical chemicals and devices, than through surgical abortions (Some items that are promoted as "contraceptives" are actually abortifacients or potentially abortifacients.).

The Holy Father has called pharmacists to "conscientious objection, which is a right your profession must recognize, permitting you not to collaborate either directly or indirectly by supplying products for the purpose of decisions that are clearly immoral such as, for example, abortion or euthanasia." I believe that the Catholic community in the U.S. has been doing a heinously poor job of supporting pharmacists of conscience

  • In the Diocese of Arlington, Divine Mercy Pharmacy was associated with the Tepeyac Family Center. Divine Mercy Pharmacy refused to deal in abortifacients or contraceptives. Tragically, it had to quickly close for lack of business.

  • PFLI maintains a listing of pharmacists who have vowed to "not dispense any abortifacient drugs or devices, nor do they refer for the same" (Note: While that list contains less than two handfuls of such pharmacists, arrangements can apparently be made with some for mail order of prescriptions.). Yet, parishes routinely carry advertisements for pharmacies which have not made such commitments.

Your own parish bulletin includes an advertisement for a provider of the notorious abortifacient Plan B (as confirmed by the manufacturer's web site):

  1. Annunciation BVM, Philadelphia (Zevin's Drug Store)
  2. Assumption BVM, Feasterville (Gary's Rx Shoppe)
  3. Epiphany, Philadelphia (Zevin's Drug Store)
  4. Holy Family, Philadelphia (Morrison Pharmacy)
  5. Holy Martyrs, Oreland (Genuardi)
  6. Holy Savior, Norristown (Genuardi)
  7. Maternity BVM, Philadelphia (Shop Rite)
  8. Mother of Divine Grace, Philadelphia (Port Richmond Pharmacy)
  9. Our Lady of Consolation, Parkesburg (Longneker Pharmacy)
  10. Our Lady of Grace, Penndel (Genuardi)
  11. Our Lady of Mt Carmel, Bridgeport (Genuardi)
  12. St Anastasia, Newtown Square (Mackey's Pharmacy)
  13. St Anselm, Philadelphia (Shop Rite)
  14. St Augustine, Bridgeport (Genuardi)
  15. St Basil the Great, Kimberton (Gateway Pharmacy and Genuardi)
  16. St Bridget, Philadelphia (Falls Pharmacy)
  17. St Cecelia, Philadelphia (Verree Pharmacy)
  18. St Helena, Blue Bell (The Medicine Shoppe)
  19. St John the Baptist, Philadelphia (Morrison Pharmacy)
  20. St Josaphat, Philadelphia (Morrison Pharmacy)
  21. St Joseph, Collingdale (Public Drug of Darby)
  22. St Jude, Chalfont (Genuardi)
  23. St Leo, Philadelphia (Rubino's Pharmacy and Shop Rite)
  24. St Mary of the Assumption, Manayunk (Morrison Pharmacy)
  25. St Paul, East Norriton (Genuardi)
  26. St Peter, West Brandywine (Brandywine Pharmacy - Note: The pharmacist even identifies self as a parishioner.)
  27. St Thomas Aquinas, Croydon (Mat's Pharmacy)
  28. St Titus, East Norriton (Genuardi)

Pharmacies carrying Plan B are just one example of advertisers that have no business being in parish bulletins. Catholic parishes and institutions should not advertise any of those who prescribe/ dispense/ market abortifacients and/or contraceptives - be they convenience stores, pharmacies (including those in department stores and supermarkets), or physicians. These advertisers are profiting from the most heinous abuse against children.

As we await the birth of our infant savior, I prayerfully and respectfully request that you remove the offending ad from your bulletin.


10 More Parishes Advertising a Plan B Provider

The Most Reverend Michael J. Fitzgerald
The Most Reverend John J. McIntyre
The Most Reverend Timothy C. Senior
The Most Reverend Daniel E. Thomas
Auxiliaries to the Archbishop of Philadelphia
222 North 17th Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103

Your Excellencies:

As you are aware, I believe that Catholic parishes and institutions need to disassociate themselves from those who prescribe/ dispense/ market abortifacients and contraceptives. Yet, numerous parishes are even carrying ads in their bulletins for providers of the notorious abortifacient Plan B. At the bottom of this email, you will find 10 such advertisments. This will bring to 34, the number of inappropriate ads which I have cited in recent correspondences (I have highlighted those parishes being cited for the first time in this email.):

  1. Annunciation BVM, Philadelphia
  2. Assumption BVM, Feasterville
  3. Epiphany, Philadelphia
  4. Holy Family, Philadelphia
  5. Holy Martyrs, Oreland
  6. Holy Savior, Norristown
  7. Maternity BVM,Philadelphia
  8. Mother of Divine Grace, Philadelphia
  9. Our Lady of Consolation, Parkesburg
  10. Our Lady of Grace, Penndel
  11. Our Lady of Mt Carmel, Bridgeport
  12. Our Mother of Consolation, Philadelphia
  13. Sacred Heart, Royersford
  14. St Anastasia, Newtown Square
  15. St Ann, Phoenixville
  16. St Anselm, Philadelphia
  17. St Augustine, Bridgeport
  18. St Basil the Great, Kimberton
  19. St Bridget, Philadelphia
  20. St Cecelia, Philadelphia
  21. St Helena, Blue Bell
  22. St Helena, Philadelphia
  23. St John the Baptist, Philadelphia
  24. St Josaphat, Philadelphia
  25. St Joseph, Collingdale
  26. St Joseph, Spring City
  27. St Jude, Chalfont
  28. St Leo, Philadelphia
  29. St Mary of the Assumption, Manayunk
  30. St Paul, East Norriton
  31. St Peter's, West Brandywine
  32. St Thomas Aquinas, Croydon
  33. St Titus, East Norriton

While I do not believe that this scandalous situation is the exclusive domain of any one publishing company, bulletins for each of the above parishes is handled by John Patrick Publishing. I prayerfully and respectfully request that the Archdiocese adopt a policy for all parishes of refusing ads from any promoter (be it a convenience store, a physician, a pharmacy, a department store pharmacy, or a supermarket pharmacy) of abortifacients and contraceptives. I also respectfully request an acknowledgement that you have received these communications.


Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Five more providers of Plan B advertising in parish bulletins

The Most Reverend Michael J. Fitzgerald
The Most Reverend John J. McIntyre
The Most Reverend Timothy C. Senior
The Most Reverend Daniel E. Thomas
Auxiliaries to the Archbishop of Philadelphia
222 North 17th Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103

Your Excellencies:

I would like to bring five more inappropriate parish bulletin ads to your attention. In each case, the ad is for a provider of the notorious abortifacient Plan B:

This bring to 23, the number of inappropriate ads which I have cited in recent correspondences:

  1. Assumption BVM, Feasterville
  2. Epiphany, Philadelphia
  3. Holy Martyrs, Oreland
  4. Maternity BVM,Philadelphia
  5. Mother of Divine Grace, Philadelphia
  6. Our Lady of Consolation, Parkesburg
  7. Our Lady of Grace, Penndel
  8. Our Lady of Mt Carmel, Bridgeport
  9. Our Mother of Consolation, Philadelphia
  10. Sacred Heart, Royersford
  11. St Ann, Phoenixville
  12. St Anselm, Philadelphia
  13. St Augustine, Bridgeport
  14. St Basil the Great, Kimberton
  15. St Helena, Blue Bell
  16. St Helena, Philadelphia
  17. St John the Baptist, Philadelphia
  18. St Joseph, Collingdale
  19. St Joseph, Spring City
  20. St Jude, Chalfont
  21. St Mary of the Assumption, Manayunk
  22. St Peter's, West Brandywine
  23. St Thomas Aquinas, Croydon

I prayerfully and respectfully request that the Archdiocese adopt a policy for all parishes of refusing ads from any promoter (be it a convenience store, a physician, a pharmacy, a department store pharmacy, or a supermarket pharmacy) of abortifacients and contraceptives.

re: "Expelling the '"Heretics'" (B.C. Courier Times, 12/7/10)

In his December 7th guest opinion, Peter R. Waitze talks of "litmus tests...imposed on others to determine who is an acceptable member of the in-crowd." While indicating that he is not himself a Catholic, Waitze takes exception to those Catholics who are critical of politicians who profess to be Catholic yet who advocate pro-abortion positions. He also takes exception to Catholics who remind other Catholics of basic requirements for the reception of Holy Communion.

As the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the Compendium of the Catechism, the Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, and the Code of Canon Law (i.e., Canon # 915) are readily available on the Vatican's web site, Catholics and non Catholics of the 21st century can readily ascertain and/or verify what the Church teaches. There is absolutely no need to create "litmus tests," other than what is already clearly proclaimed for all to see - even for those who choose to avert their eyes.

Shortly before before bumped upstairs, a Vatican Cardinal of German descent wrote about "Worthiness to Receive Holy Communion":

  1. "....The practice of indiscriminately presenting oneself to receive Holy Communion, merely as a consequence of being present at Mass, is an abuse that must be corrected....
  2. "The Church teaches that abortion or euthanasia is a grave sin....
  3. "Not all moral issues have the same moral weight as abortion and euthanasia....There may be a legitimate diversity of opinion even among Catholics about waging war and applying the death penalty, but not however with regard to abortion and euthanasia.
  4. "Apart from an individual's judgment about his worthiness to present himself to receive the Holy Eucharist, the minister of Holy Communion may find himself in the situation where he must refuse to distribute Holy Communion to someone, such as in cases of a declared excommunication, a declared interdict, or an obstinate persistence in manifest grave sin (cf. can. 915).
  5. "Regarding the grave sin of abortion or euthanasia, when a person’s formal cooperation becomes manifest (understood, in the case of a Catholic politician, as his consistently campaigning and voting for permissive abortion and euthanasia laws), his Pastor should meet with him, instructing him about the Church’s teaching, informing him that he is not to present himself for Holy Communion until he brings to an end the objective situation of sin, and warning him that he will otherwise be denied the Eucharist.
  6. "When 'these precautionary measures have not had their effect or in which they were not possible,' and the person in question, with obstinate persistence, still presents himself to receive the Holy Eucharist, 'the minister of Holy Communion must refuse to distribute it'....This decision, properly speaking, is not a sanction or a penalty. Nor is the minister of Holy Communion passing judgment on the person’s subjective guilt, but rather is reacting to the person’s public unworthiness to receive Holy Communion due to an objective situation of sin."
As to why so few Catholics are aware of this clear guidance from the man who is now our Holy Father, I cannot say. As to why we have heard so little about it from our clergy, I cannot say either. The answer to those questions is "beyond my pay grade" (smile).

Sunday, December 5, 2010

Deeply offensive advertising in Trenton parish bulletins

The Most Reverend David M. O’Connell., C.M.
Bishop of Trenton
701 Lawrenceville Road
Lawrence, New Jersey

Your Excellency:

Congratulations and best wishes to you.

My family and I are not members of any parish in the Trenton Diocese. As a Bucks County native yourself, you certainly know that Bucks County Catholics are geographically very close to the parishes of Greater Trenton. In fact, my family and I live within walking distance of your beautiful Cathedral.

Your Excellency, I firmly believe that Catholic parishes and institutions need to disassociate themselves from those who prescribe/ dispense/ market abortifacients and contraceptives. Otherwise, our Church's proclamation of the sanctity of human life and marriage/family gets blurred. Unfortunately, there are even ads in Greater Trenton parish bulletins for providers of the notorious abortifacient Plan B. In some cases, those very pharmacists are proclaiming their Catholicism in the ads. I came across the following ads, this morning:

Please note that these particular ads are from parishes which are pastored by your current diocesan respect life director and a past diocesan respect life director, as well as from a parish where your diocesan chancelor is in residence. Under your predecessor, I tried to raise these concerns, but few seemed to agree with me on the inappropriateness of these ads.

I prayerfully and respectfully request that you consider adopting a policy for all parishes of refusing ads from any promoter (be it a convenience store, a physician, a pharmacy, a department store pharmacy, or a supermarket pharmacy) of abortifacients and contraceptives. With the coming week featuring the Feasts of the Immaculate Conception and Our Lady of Guadalupe, what a beautiful time it would be to adopt such a policy.

I will follow-up this email with a hard copy of my letter.

Thank you.


Moral & Civil Liability

George Gerlach
John Patrick Publishing
1707 Fourth Street
Trenton , New Jersey 08638

Dear Mr. Gerlach,

As you are aware, I believe that Catholic parishes and institutions need to disassociate themselves from those who prescribe/ dispense/ market abortifacients and contraceptives. Yet, ads even remain in parish bulletins handled by your company, for providers of the notorious abortifacient Plan B.

As per your own notice to potential advertisers, parish bulletins are the "primary information tool used by parishes to communicate weekly messages and announcements." You remind those advertisers that the bulletins are "familiar and trusted," and that "Readers save and refer to their bulletins throughout the week." Further, you tell those potential advertisers that "Parishioners are grateful for your support of their bulletin and become loyal 'repeat' customers." Citing a University of Missouri survey, you report that
  • "70% Consciously look at the advertising section of the bulletin"
  • "68% Patronize a bulletin advertiser over a non-bulletin advertiser"
For better or worse, inclusion of an ad in a parish bulletin apparently strikes most individuals as a "Good Housekeeping seal of approval." I would dare say that inclusion in the bulletin even leaves some parishioners with the mistaken notion that the advertiser has received some sort of "Nihil Obstat." Doesn't this place a tremendous moral responsibility on the pastor and the publisher, to ensure that they are not advertising businesses which promote offenses to the sanctity of human life?

I am curious as to whether indiscriminate advertisements also present issues of civil liability for the pastor and the publisher. This past Friday, I had the good fortune to be in Washington, DC, for a Human Life International America conference. As reported by LifeNews.com, HLIAmerica released a survey, in conjunction with that conference, indicating that widespread usage of the oral contraceptive pill, "despite women not knowing much about potential harmful effects." As per Central New Jersey's Dr. Angela Lanfranchi, "The most egregious omission affecting a young woman’s life is the fact that in 2005, the International Agency on Research of Cancer listed oral contraceptives as Group I carcinogens for breast, cervical and liver cancer....You’ll find cigarettes and asbestos in the same group as risks for lung cancer.”

I have taken the liberty of copying the Archdioceses of New York and Philadelphia, as well as the Dioceses of Allentown, Brooklyn, Camden, and Trenton on this communication. As these dioceses appear to be where you do most of your business, I believe that they have the right and duty to be included in this conversation.


Saturday, December 4, 2010

St Jane Frances de Chantal, Easton, has a bulletin ad for an apparent provider of the Plan B abortfacient

Dear Father Radocha,

The below image is a copy of an ad in your weekly bulletin for the Bell Apothecary. In the ad, John Isaac, R-Ph & Kathy Kelly, R-Ph identify themselves as your parishioners:
According to its manufacturer's web site, Bell Apothecary is a provider of the notorious abortifacient Plan B:

I am curious with regard to the OB/GYN practice which also advertises in your bulletin:
Has it been verified that "Caring for Women" is an NFP-only practice?

St Peter's, West Brandywine, has a bulletin ad for an apparent provider of the Plan B abortfacient

Dear Father Fitzpatrick,

The below image is a copy of an ad in your weekly bulletin for the Brandywine Pharmacy. In the ad, Esther Grandizio-Sward, R-Ph identifies herself as a parishioner:

According to its manufacturer's web site, Brandywine Pharmacy is a provider of the notorious abortifacient Plan B:

Monday, November 22, 2010

"Pharmacological Consumerism" at Its Worst

The Most Reverend Michael J. Fitzgerald
The Most Reverend John J. McIntyre
The Most Reverend Timothy C. Senior
The Most Reverend Daniel E. Thomas
Auxiliaries to the Archbishop of Philadelphia
222 North 17th Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103

Your Excellencies:

As per a translation of the Holy Father's November 15th message to the Pontifical Council for Health Care Ministry, "In our time we witness on one hand a care of health that risks being transformed into pharmacological consumerism, medical and surgical, becoming almost a cult of the body, and on the other, the difficulty of millions of persons to accede to conditions of minimal subsistence and indispensable medicines to be cured....Health justice should be among the priorities of governments and international institutions. Unfortunately, next to positive and encouraging results, there are opinions and lines of thought that wound it....Love of justice, the protection of life from conception to its natural end, respect for the dignity of every human being, are to be upheld and witnessed, even against the current."

In our country, genuine health care reform was taken captive by promoters of a Culture of Death. In response to an absolutely appalling, heinous example of "pharmacological consumerism," the USCCB's Office of General Counsel recently wrote to the Department of Health and Human Services, imploring that "contraceptives and sterilization not be mandated as 'preventive' services under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ('PPACA')....There has been an announcement by Planned Parenthood that it will lobby public officials to insist on mandating 'family planning' services under this rubric -- including mandatory coverage, without co-pays or out-of-pocket expenses, of 'all forms of FDA-approved prescription contraception.'"

The USCCB's letter went on to address the abortifacient nature of SO-CALLED contraceptives and the covert attack on the conscience rights of health care providers. As per last Tuesday's follow-up from the USCCB's Deidre McQuade, we are to be further reminded that the “Use of prescription contraception actually increases a woman’s risk of developing some of the very conditions that the ‘preventive services’ listed in the Interim Final Rules are designed to prevent, such as stroke, heart attacks and blood clots (especially for women who also smoke), so a policy mandating contraceptive services as ‘preventive services’ would be in contradiction with itself.

Truth be told, numerous Catholics - laity, clergy, and religious - evidence ignorance of the gravity of abortifacients, contraceptives, sterilization, and their assault on the sanctity of human life and the marital bond. These "opinions and lines of thought that wound" health justice, leave us ill equipped to fight the good fight. The situation is exacerbated by the inadvertent and unintended (but nonetheless loud) message, which emanates from the carelessness of including providers of abortifacients and contraceptives in parish bulletins (i.e., "It's no big deal."). In my correspondences of November 9th and November 14th, I cited examples of inappropriate ads in several bulletins:

  • Assumption BVM, Feasterville
  • Epiphany, Philadelphia
  • Holy Martyres, Oreland
  • Our Lady of Mt Carmel, Bridgeport
  • Our Mother of Consolation, Philadelphia
  • Sacred Heart, Royersford
  • St Ann, Phoenixville
  • St Anselm, Philadelphia
  • St Helena, Blue Bell
  • St Helena, Philadelphia
  • St John the Baptist, Philadelphia
  • St Joseph, Collingdale
  • St Joseph, Spring City

Cross checking ads in bulletins handled by just one popular publisher with a web site tool provided by Teva Women's Health even reveals parish bulletins advertising for providers of the notorious abortifacient Plan B! Let me cite just one example. One year ago, I first brought to the attention of Father Pidgeon that an ad in Epiphany's bulletin was for a provider of Plan B. It is shocking to find that the ad for Zevin's Drug Store remains in Epiphany's bulletin.

I speak for myself and only for myself. I am struggling with whether to honor my Heritage of Faith commitment, while these situations are seemingly allowed to continue. I wonder whether I should instead direct my monies directly to pro life / pro family causes. I would very much appreciate your guidance on these matters.

Saturday, November 13, 2010

re: "Church Helping Set Addicts Free" (Catholic Standard & Times, 11/11/10)

As Jesus told us that "the truth will set you free" (John 8:32), it should be no surprise that our Faith is key to dealing with destructive addictions and compulsions. Yet, some historical connections between Catholicism and treatment often go overlooked.

As per a 1996 article in This Rock magazine, moral theologian John C. Ford S.J. (1902 - 1989) was "one of the earliest Catholic proponents of addressing alcoholism as a problem having spiritual, physiological, and psychological, dimensions. Ford said that alcohol addiction is a pathology which is not consciously chosen, but he rejected the deterministic idea that alcoholism is solely a disease without any moral component....In so many ways, Ford's approach to addiction and recovery remains a model of spiritual discernment for our own time." Ford's shining the light of Catholicism on destructive addictions and compulsions goes almost as overlooked as Ford's contribution to upholding the truth about marriage and marital relations!

In 1930's Casti Connubii, Pope Pius XI provided a confrontive challenge to the clergy, with regard to teaching the truth about marriage and marital relations: "If any confessor or pastor of souls, which may God forbid, lead the faithful entrusted to him into these errors or should at least confirm them by approval or by guilty silence, let him be mindful of the fact that he must render a strict account to God, the Supreme Judge, for the betrayal of his sacred trust." For his entire priesthood, it is clear that Father Ford took these words with the utmost seriousness. Some 38 years after Casti Connubii, Father Ford played a vital role in Humane Vitae. While he presents this in an unappreciative manner, Eric Genilo, S.J. acknowledges that Father Ford worked closely with Pope Paul VI, helping to embolden the Holy Father with his prophetic encyclical.

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

"every man and woman is a true sanctuary of God, and should be treated with the highest respect and affection, above all when they are in need"

In early November, Pope Benedict XVI made an overnight trip to Spain. Arriving at the International Airport of Santiago de Compostela, he explained that he wished to "encourage Spain and Europe to build their present and to project their future on the basis of the authentic truth about man, on the basis of the freedom which respects this truth and never harms it, and on the basis of justice for all, beginning with the poorest and the most defenceless. A Spain and a Europe concerned not only with people’s material needs but also with their moral and social, spiritual and religious needs, since all these are genuine requirements of our common humanity and only in this way can work be done effectively, integrally and fruitfully for man’s good."

Later that day, the Holy Father spoke at the architecturally magnificent Cathedral Santiago de Compostela, "la Sagrada Familia", the masterpiece of architect Antoni Gaudi: "To go on pilgrimage is not simply to visit a place to admire its treasures of nature, art or history. To go on pilgrimage really means to step out of ourselves in order to encounter God where he has revealed himself, where his grace has shone with particular splendour and produced rich fruits of conversion and holiness among those who believe." As he continued in that evening's homily, "Tragically, above all in nineteenth century Europe, the conviction grew that God is somehow man’s antagonist and an enemy of his freedom. As a result, there was an attempt to obscure the true biblical faith in the God who sent into the world his Son Jesus Christ, so that no one should perish but that all might have eternal life (cf. Jn 3:16). The author of the Book of Wisdom, faced with a paganism in which God envied or despised humans, puts it clearly: how could God have created all things if he did not love them, he who in his infinite fullness, has need of nothing (cf. Wis 11:24-26)? Why would he have revealed himself to human beings if he did not wish to take care of them? God is the origin of our being and the foundation and apex of our freedom, not its opponent."

As per the following day's homily, "I consider that the dedication of this church of the Sagrada Familia is an event of great importance, at a time in which man claims to be able to build his life without God, as if God had nothing to say to him. In this masterpiece, Gaudí shows us that God is the true measure of man....As we consecrate the altar of this church, which has Christ as its foundation, we are presenting to the world a God who is the friend of man and we invite men and women to become friends of God....Only where love and faithfulness are present can true freedom come to birth and endure. For this reason the Church advocates adequate economic and social means so that women may find in the home and at work their full development, that men and women who contract marriage and form a family receive decisive support from the state, that life of children may be defended as sacred and inviolable from the moment of their conception, that the reality of birth be given due respect and receive juridical, social and legislative support. For this reason the Church resists every form of denial of human life and gives its support to everything that would promote the natural order in the sphere of the institution of the family."

Later that day, the Holy Father described la Sagrada Familia as a catechesis and "a hymn of praise to God carved in stone." While visiting the Obra Benéfico-Social del Nen Déu, he reminded the world that : "every man and woman is a true sanctuary of God, and should be treated with the highest respect and affection, above all when they are in need....it is indispensable that new technological developments in the field of medicine never be to the detriment of respect for human life and dignity." At his departure, he commented: "I return to Rome after visiting only two places in this beautiful country. Nevertheless, in my thoughts and prayers, I have wished to embrace all Spaniards without exception and all those born elsewhere but now living here. I hold all of you in my heart and I pray for you, especially for those who suffer."

And how was this magnificent overnight junket covered by the Courier Times? In November 8th's paper, 120 words were re-printed from an Associated Press piece, which treated as fact women's alleged: "second-class status in the church."

I would like to remind Lower Bucks of what fabulous material the Courier Times provides for picking up after the dog.

Sunday, November 7, 2010

Parishes advertising providers of contraceptives & ABORTIFACIENTS

11 9 10 email -

Saturday, November 6, 2010

Re: "Takes Issue with 'Secular' Homily" (CS&T, 10/21/10)

10 24 10 letter to CS _ T

Sunday, October 10, 2010

Brian Gail

Brian J. Gail from HLI America on Vimeo.

Monday, September 27, 2010

Dr. Hilgers & Dr. Raviele videos

A re-airing of an interview with Dr. Thomas Hilgers was immediately followed by

the first part of an iterview with Dr. Kathleen Raviele. While I did not pay undivided attention to Hilgers, he & Raymond did seem to make some theological errors. Hilgers stated that the Church was against IVF BECAUSE of all the abortions it involves & entertained a question as to whether it would be permissable if abortions were NOT involved.

Sunday, September 26, 2010

"a bold proclamation of the truths about the sacred transmission of human life"

Your Eminences and Your Excellencies,

From Sunday, September 12th till Sunday, September 19th, I contacted 183 Roman Catholic diocese in the United States, requesting

  1. a disassociation of Catholic hospitals from those who prescribe/dispense abortifacients and contraceptives; &
  2. a cessation of pharmacy ads in parish bulletins.

With Respect Life Sunday 2010 being just one week away & your Fall 2010 General Assembly only about one and 1/2 months away, I pray that you will give consideration to this request. I believe it to be particularly supported by the

  1. Vatican's Statement on the ''So-Called Morning After Pill'',
  2. Pope Benedict XVI's address to the International Congress of Catholic Pharmacists,
  3. a review by the Pontifical Academy for Life of "the problem of cooperation in evil",
  4. and the Vatican's Dignitas Personae (See #23, in particular).

I also believe it to be in particular keeping with what Pope Pius XI said in #57 of Casti Connubii.

The inspiring vision for Catholic health care of Northern Virgina's Divine Mercy Care included the DMC Pharmacy, which absolutely refused to market in abortifacients and contraceptives. Lack of financial support led to the closing of the DMC Pharmacy. Acknowledging our own complicities in the advance of the Culture of Death, it would seem particularly appropriate for Catholic parishes throughout our nation to make financial gifts to the noble DMC enterprise.

    As per author Brian Gail, our times absolutely call for "a bold proclamation of the truths about the sacred transmission of human life." That can start with

    • a disassociation of Catholic hospitals from those who prescribe/dispense abortifacients and contraceptives; &
    • a cessation of pharmacy ads in parish bulletins.

    Sunday, September 19, 2010

    re: "IUD Usage is on the Rise in U.S." (Phil. Inquirer, 8/31/10)

    Readers Editor
    The Inquirer
    Box 41705
    Philadelphia, Pa. 19101

    To Whom It May Concern:

    Marie McCullough's "IUD usage is on the rise in U.S." (8/31/10) read like the script from a pep rally promoting contraceptives and abortifacients. Ms. McCullough made the claim that the IUD "interferes with the sperm and egg in ways that remain mysterious." Is calling the method "mysterious" a way to avoid acknowledging that the IUD can act as an abortifacient? For anyone who bothers to read manufacturers' product information, "mysterious" can hardly seem like an apt descriptor:

    • According to Teva Women's Health, "ParaGard prevents pregnancy primarily by stopping sperm from reaching and fertilizing the egg. ParaGard may also prevent the egg from attaching (implanting) in the uterus." In other words, ParaGard may prevent the fertilized egg from implanting in the new mom's uterus. So, Teva Women's Health is acknowledging that ParaGard may work in an abortifacient manner.
    • According to Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Mirena "may thicken your cervical mucus, thin the lining of your uterus, inhibit sperm movement and reduce sperm survival. Mirena may stop release of your egg from your ovary." So, Bayer also acknowledges that their IUD may act in an abortifacient manner, by thinning the uterine lining and thus interfering with implantation of the fertilized egg in the new mom's uterus.

    Barbara Rose, RN succinctly responded (9/9/10) that "the demand for the intrauterine device is growing among women....probably because of the misleading and inaccurate education they receive on its mechanism of action. Your article says that the IUD 'interferes with the sperm and egg in ways that remain mysterious.' What's a mystery is how anyone can say that with a straight face."

    In response to the RN's critique of Ms. McCullough's article, you shamelessly published a thinly veiled ad hominem attack against that RN (9/11/10). How does the Inquirer allow "Nick O'Dell" to claim that the RN's response was "outrageous" without so much as citing his credentials or any references?

    Thanks for reminding me why buying the Inquirer is not worth the effort.

    Sunday, September 12, 2010

    Catholic Hospitals & Parishes Cooperating with the Promotion of Abortifacients

    Catholic Hospitals _ Parishes Cooperating with the Promotion of Abortifacients

    Catholic Hospitals _ Parishes Cooperating with the Promotion of Abortifacients _2_

    Monday, September 6, 2010

    While You Were Sleeping - Casting Crowns

    Sunday, September 5, 2010

    re: A Nw 'Social Contract' for Today's 'New Things'"

    In the USCCB's 2010 Labor Day Statement, "A New 'Social Contract' for Today's 'New Things'", Bishop William F. Murphy reminds us that the dignity of the human being and the primacy of marriage/family are at the very core of Catholic Social Teaching:

    • "This year has [indeed] been difficult for many workers....
    • "In 1891, Pope Leo XIII issued what has become the Magna Carta of Catholic social teaching, Rerum Novarum....The Holy Father insisted on the value and dignity of the worker as a human being endowed with rights and responsibilities. He commended free association or unions as legitimate and he insisted on a family wage that corresponded to the needs of the worker and family. He opened the way to humanize the industrial revolution and to bring Catholic principles about the person in society to factories and farms, markets and economies of a changing world....
    • "Pope Benedict XVI confronts this same challenge direcly and clearly in his most recent encyclical, Caritas in Veritate. More than 100 years of papal 'social encyclicals' have given the Church a number of principles based on the Gospels and the lived experience of the Church....More than ever, the dignity of the worker is a foundation upon which we should measure much of what is good, and not so good....People, not things, must be the center—and the ultimate measure....Catholic social teaching on the economy, the political community, and society is spelled out in The Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church"[Hey, that's the point that Faithful Citizenship in Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District has been trying to make!!!].
    Pope Benedict XVI's Caritas in Veritate is certainly a magnificent challenge to humanity
    1. "Charity in truth, to which Jesus Christ bore witness by his earthly life and especially by his death and resurrection, is the principal driving force behind the authentic development of every person and of all humanity....Each person finds his good by adherence to God's plan for him, in order to realize it fully....To defend the truth, to articulate it with humility and conviction, and to bear witness to it in life are therefore exacting and indispensable forms of charity....
    2. "Charity is at the heart of the Church's social doctrine....I am aware of the ways in which charity has been and continues to be misconstrued and emptied of meaning, with the consequent risk of being misinterpreted, detached from ethical living and, in any event, undervalued....
    3. "Without truth, charity degenerates into sentimentality....
    4. "A Christianity of charity without truth would be more or less interchangeable with a pool of good sentiments, helpful for social cohesion, but of little relevance. In other words, there would no longer be any real place for God in the world....
    5. "Charity is love received and given. It is 'grace' (cháris). Its source is the wellspring of the Father's love for the Son, in the Holy Spirit. Love comes down to us from the Son....This dynamic of charity received and given is what gives rise to the Church's social teaching, which is caritas in veritate in re sociali: the proclamation of the truth of Christ's love in society....Without truth, without trust and love for what is true, there is no social conscience and responsibility, and social action ends up serving private interests and the logic of power, resulting in social fragmentation, especially in a globalized society at difficult times like the present.
    6. "'Caritas in veritate' is the principle around which the Church's social doctrine turns, a principle that takes on practical form in the criteria that govern moral action. I would like to consider two of these in particular....First of all, justice....justice is inseparable from charity[1], and intrinsic to it....On the one hand, charity demands justice: recognition and respect for the legitimate rights of individuals and peoples....On the other hand, charity transcends justice and completes it in the logic of giving and forgiving[3]....Charity always manifests God's love in human relationships as well, it gives theological and salvific value to all commitment for justice in the world.
    7. "To desire the common good and strive towards it is a requirement of justice and charity....Every Christian is called to practise this charity, in a manner corresponding to his vocation and according to the degree of influence he wields in the pólis. This is the institutional path — we might also call it the political path — of charity, no less excellent and effective than the kind of charity which encounters the neighbour directly, outside the institutional mediation of the pólis. When animated by charity, commitment to the common good has greater worth than a merely secular and political stand would have....Man's earthly activity, when inspired and sustained by charity, contributes to the building of the universal city of God, which is the goal of the history of the human family....
    8. "Populorum Progressio deserves to be considered 'the Rerum Novarum of the present age', shedding light upon humanity's journey towards unity....
    9. "The risk for our time is that the de facto interdependence of people and nations is not matched by ethical interaction of consciences and minds that would give rise to truly human development....Fidelity to man requires fidelity to the truth, which alone is the guarantee of freedom (cf. Jn 8:32) and of the possibility of integral human development. For this reason the Church searches for truth, proclaims it tirelessly and recognizes it wherever it is manifested....
    10. "an evaluation is needed of the different terms in which the problem of development is presented today....
    11. "Paul VI set out...to convey two important truths. The first is that the whole Church, in all her being and acting — when she proclaims, when she celebrates, when she performs works of charity — is engaged in promoting integral human development....The second truth is that authentic human development concerns the whole of the person in every single dimension[16]....institutions by themselves are not enough, because integral human development is primarily a vocation, and therefore it involves a free assumption of responsibility in solidarity on the part of everyone. Moreover, such development requires a transcendent vision of the person, it needs God....
    12. "It is one thing to draw attention to the particular characteristics of one Encyclical or another, of the teaching of one Pope or another, but quite another to lose sight of the coherence of the overall doctrinal corpus[21]....
    13. "Paul VI....proposed Christian charity as the principal force at the service of development....
    14. "Paul VI reflected on the meaning of politics, and the danger constituted by utopian and ideological visions that place its ethical and human dimensions in jeopardy....Idealizing technical progress, or contemplating the utopia of a return to humanity's original natural state, are two contrasting ways of detaching progress from its moral evaluation and hence from our responsibility....
    15. "The Encyclical Humanae Vitae emphasizes both the unitive and the procreative meaning of sexuality, thereby locating at the foundation of society the married couple, man and woman, who accept one another mutually, in distinction and in complementarity: a couple, therefore, that is open to life[27]. This is not a question of purely individual morality: Humanae Vitae indicates the strong links between life ethics and social ethics, ushering in a new area of magisterial teaching that has gradually been articulated in a series of documents, most recently John Paul II's Encyclical Evangelium Vitae[28]. The Church forcefully maintains this link between life ethics and social ethics, fully aware that 'a society lacks solid foundations when, on the one hand, it asserts values such as the dignity of the person, justice and peace, but then, on the other hand, radically acts to the contrary by allowing or tolerating a variety of ways in which human life is devalued and violated, especially where it is weak or marginalized.'[29] [emphasis added]....
    16. "If development were concerned with merely technical aspects of human life, and not with the meaning of man's pilgrimage through history in company with his fellow human beings, nor with identifying the goal of that journey, then the Church would not be entitled to speak on it....
    17. "A vocation is a call that requires a free and responsible answer. Integral human development presupposes the responsible freedom of the individual and of peoples: no structure can guarantee this development over and above human responsibility. The 'types of messianism which give promises but create illusions'[38] always build their case on a denial of the transcendent dimension of development, in the conviction that it lies entirely at their disposal. This false security becomes a weakness, because it involves reducing man to subservience, to a mere means for development, while the humility of those who accept a vocation is transformed into true autonomy, because it sets them free....
    18. "Besides requiring freedom, integral human development as a vocation also demands respect for its truth....[As per] Paul VI...'authentic' development...must be 'integral, that is, it has to promote the good of every man and of the whole man'[42]....the Christian vision has the particular characteristic of asserting and justifying the unconditional value of the human person and the meaning of his growth....
    19. "Underdevelopment has an even more important cause than lack of deep thought: it is 'the lack of brotherhood among individuals and peoples'[52]. Will it ever be possible to obtain this brotherhood by human effort alone? As society becomes ever more globalized, it makes us neighbours but does not make us brothers. Reason, by itself, is capable of grasping the equality between men and of giving stability to their civic coexistence, but it cannot establish fraternity. This originates in a transcendent vocation from God the Father, who loved us first, teaching us through the Son what fraternal charity is....
    20. "It is Christ's charity that drives us on....
    21. "Paul VI had an articulated vision of development. He understood the term to indicate the goal of rescuing peoples, first and foremost, from hunger, deprivation, endemic diseases and illiteracy....The complexity and gravity of the present economic situation rightly cause us concern, but we must adopt a realistic attitude as we take up with confidence and hope the new responsibilities to which we are called by the prospect of a world in need of profound cultural renewal, a world that needs to rediscover fundamental values on which to build a better future [emphasis added]....
    22. "In rich countries, new sectors of society are succumbing to poverty and new forms of poverty are emerging. In poorer areas some groups enjoy a sort of 'superdevelopment' of a wasteful and consumerist kind which forms an unacceptable contrast with the ongoing situations of dehumanizing deprivation....International aid has often been diverted from its proper ends.... [Image added] On the part of rich countries there is excessive zeal for protecting knowledge through an unduly rigid assertion of the right to intellectual property, especially in the field of health care. At the same time, in some poor countries, cultural models and social norms of behaviour persist which hinder the process of development....
    23. "progress of a merely economic and technological kind is insufficient....
    24. "Today, as we take to heart the lessons of the current economic crisis, which sees the State's public authorities directly involved in correcting errors and malfunctions, it seems more realistic to re-evaluate their role and their powers, which need to be prudently reviewed and remodelled so as to enable them, perhaps through new forms of engagement, to address the challenges of today's world....
    25. "uncertainty over working conditions caused by mobility and deregulation, when it becomes endemic, tends to create new forms of psychological instability, giving rise to difficulty in forging coherent life-plans, including that of marriage....Being out of work or dependent on public or private assistance for a prolonged period undermines the freedom and creativity of the person and his family and social relationships, causing great psychological and spiritual suffering. I would like to remind everyone, especially governments engaged in boosting the world's economic and social assets, that the primary capital to be safeguarded and valued is man, the human person in his or her integrity....
    26. "the increased commercialization of cultural exchange today leads to a twofold danger. First, one may observe a cultural eclecticism that is often assumed uncritically: cultures are simply placed alongside one another and viewed as substantially equivalent and interchangeable. This easily yields to a relativism that does not serve true intercultural dialogue; on the social plane, cultural relativism has the effect that cultural groups coexist side by side, but remain separate, with no authentic dialogue and therefore with no true integration. Secondly, the opposite danger exists, that of cultural levelling and indiscriminate acceptance of types of conduct and life-styles....What eclecticism and cultural levelling have in common is the separation of culture from human nature. Thus, cultures can no longer define themselves within a nature that transcends them[63], and man ends up being reduced to a mere cultural statistic. When this happens, humanity runs new risks of enslavement and manipulation....
    27. "The right to food, like the right to water, has an important place within the pursuit of other rights, beginning with the fundamental right to life....
    28. "One of the most striking aspects of development in the present day is the important question of respect for life, which cannot in any way be detached from questions concerning the development of peoples....Not only does the situation of poverty still provoke high rates of infant mortality in many regions, but some parts of the world still experience practices of demographic control, on the part of governments that often promote contraception and even go so far as to impose abortion. In economically developed countries, legislation contrary to life is very widespread, and it has already shaped moral attitudes and praxis, contributing to the spread of an anti-birth mentality; frequent attempts are made to export this mentality to other States as if it were a form of cultural progress. Some non-governmental Organizations work actively to spread abortion, at times promoting the practice of sterilization in poor countries, in some cases not even informing the women concerned. Moreover, there is reason to suspect that development aid is sometimes linked to specific health-care policies which de facto involve the imposition of strong birth control measures. Further grounds for concern are laws permitting euthanasia as well as pressure from lobby groups, nationally and internationally, in favour of its juridical recognition. Openness to life is at the centre of true development. When a society moves towards the denial or suppression of life, it ends up no longer finding the necessary motivation and energy to strive for man's true good. If personal and social sensitivity towards the acceptance of a new life is lost, then other forms of acceptance that are valuable for society also wither away[67]. The acceptance of life strengthens moral fibre and makes people capable of mutual help. By cultivating openness to life, wealthy peoples can better understand the needs of poor ones, they can avoid employing huge economic and intellectual resources to satisfy the selfish desires of their own citizens, and instead, they can promote virtuous action within the perspective of production that is morally sound and marked by solidarity, respecting the fundamental right to life of every people and every individual [Emphases & reminder image added].
    29. "There is another aspect of modern life that is very closely connected to development: the denial of the right to religious freedom. I am not referring simply to the struggles and conflicts that continue to be fought in the world for religious motives, even if at times the religious motive is merely a cover for other reasons....Today, in fact, people frequently kill in the holy name of God....as well as religious fanaticism that in some contexts impedes the exercise of the right to religious freedom, so too the deliberate promotion of religious indifference or practical atheism on the part of many countries obstructs the requirements for the development of peoples, depriving them of spiritual and human resources....When the State promotes, teaches, or actually imposes forms of practical atheism, it deprives its citizens of the moral and spiritual strength that is indispensable for attaining integral human development and it impedes them from moving forward with renewed dynamism as they strive to offer a more generous human response to divine love[71]. [Emphasis added] In the context of cultural, commercial or political relations, it also sometimes happens that economically developed or emerging countries export this reductive vision of the person and his destiny to poor countries....
    30. "Charity does not exclude knowledge, but rather requires, promotes, and animates it from within. Knowledge is never purely the work of the intellect....if it aspires to be wisdom capable of directing man in the light of his first beginnings and his final ends, it must be 'seasoned' with the 'salt' of charity....'the individual who is animated by true charity labours skilfully to discover the causes of misery, to find the means to combat it, to overcome it resolutely'[75]....Charity is not an added extra, like an appendix to work already concluded in each of the various disciplines: it engages them in dialogue from the very beginning. The demands of love do not contradict those of reason.....Intelligence and love are not in separate compartments: love is rich in intelligence and intelligence is full of love.
    31. "This means that moral evaluation and scientific research must go hand in hand, and that charity must animate them in a harmonious interdisciplinary whole, marked by unity and distinction....
    32. "The significant new elements in the picture of the development of peoples today in many cases demand new solutions....The dignity of the individual and the demands of justice require, particularly today, that economic choices do not cause disparities in wealth to increase in an excessive and morally unacceptable manner[83], and that we continue to prioritize the goal of access to steady employment for everyone. All things considered, this is also required by 'economic logic'....
    33. "without the guidance of charity in truth, this global force [i.e., globalization] could cause unprecedented damage and create new divisions within the human family....
    34. "Sometimes modern man is wrongly convinced that he is the sole author of himself, his life and society. This is a presumption that follows from being selfishly closed in upon himself, and it is a consequence — to express it in faith terms — of original sin. The Church's wisdom has always pointed to the presence of original sin in social conditions and in the structure of society: 'Ignorance of the fact that man has a wounded nature inclined to evil gives rise to serious errors in the areas of education, politics, social action and morals'[Emphasis added][85].....
    35. "The market is subject to the principles of so-called commutative justice, which regulates the relations of giving and receiving between parties to a transaction. But the social doctrine of the Church has unceasingly highlighted the importance of distributive justice and social justice for the market economy, not only because it belongs within a broader social and political context, but also because of the wider network of relations within which it operates. In fact, if the market is governed solely by the principle of the equivalence in value of exchanged goods, it cannot produce the social cohesion that it requires in order to function well. Without internal forms of solidarity and mutual trust, the market cannot completely fulfil its proper economic function. And today it is this trust which has ceased to exist, and the loss of trust is a grave loss....It is...erroneous to hold that the market economy has an inbuilt need for a quota of poverty and underdevelopment in order to function at its best. It is in the interests of the market to promote emancipation, but in order to do so effectively, it cannot rely only on itself, because it is not able to produce by itself something that lies outside its competence. It must draw its moral energies from other subjects that are capable of generating them.
    36. "Economic activity cannot solve all social problems through the simple application of commercial logic. This needs to be directed towards the pursuit of the common good, for which the political community in particular must also take responsibility. Therefore, it must be borne in mind that grave imbalances are produced when economic action, conceived merely as an engine for wealth creation, is detached from political action, conceived as a means for pursuing justice through redistribution....it is not the instrument that must be called to account, but individuals, their moral conscience and their personal and social responsibility. The Church's social doctrine holds that authentically human social relationships of friendship, solidarity and reciprocity can also be conducted within economic activity, and not only outside it or 'after' it....The great challenge before us, accentuated by the problems of development in this global era and made even more urgent by the economic and financial crisis, is to demonstrate, in thinking and behaviour, not only that traditional principles of social ethics like transparency, honesty and responsibility cannot be ignored or attenuated, but also that in commercial relationships the principle of gratuitousness and the logic of gift as an expression of fraternity can and must find their place within normal economic activity [Emphasis added]....
    37. "Perhaps at one time it was conceivable that first the creation of wealth could be entrusted to the economy, and then the task of distributing it could be assigned to politics. Today that would be more difficult, given that economic activity is no longer circumscribed within territorial limits, while the authority of governments continues to be principally local. Hence the canons of justice must be respected from the outset, as the economic process unfolds, and not just afterwards or incidentally. Space also needs to be created within the market for economic activity carried out by subjects who freely choose to act according to principles other than those of pure profit, without sacrificing the production of economic value in the process....In the global era, the economy is influenced by competitive models tied to cultures that differ greatly among themselves. The different forms of economic enterprise to which they give rise find their main point of encounter in commutative justice. Economic life undoubtedly requires contracts, in order to regulate relations of exchange between goods of equivalent value. But it also needs just laws and forms of redistribution governed by politics, and what is more, it needs works redolent of the spirit of gift. The economy in the global era seems to privilege the former logic, that of contractual exchange, but directly or indirectly it also demonstrates its need for the other two: political logic, and the logic of the unconditional gift....
    38. "What is needed...is a market that permits the free operation, in conditions of equal opportunity, of enterprises in pursuit of different institutional ends. Alongside profit-oriented private enterprise and the various types of public enterprise, there must be room for commercial entities based on mutualist principles and pursuing social ends to take root and express themselves. It is from their reciprocal encounter in the marketplace that one may expect hybrid forms of commercial behaviour to emerge, and hence an attentiveness to ways of civilizing the economy [Emphasis added]....
    39. "in Rerum Novarum, ...the idea was first proposed...that the civil order, for its self-regulation, also needed intervention from the State for purposes of redistribution....In order to defeat underdevelopment, action is required not only on improving exchange-based transactions and implanting public welfare structures, but above all on gradually increasing openness, in a world context, to forms of economic activity marked by quotas of gratuitousness and communion. The exclusively binary model of market-plus-State is corrosive of society, while economic forms based on solidarity, which find their natural home in civil society without being restricted to it, build up society. The market of gratuitousness does not exist, and attitudes of gratuitousness cannot be established by law. Yet both the market and politics need individuals who are open to reciprocal gift.
    40. "Today's international economic scene, marked by grave deviations and failures, requires a profoundly new way of understanding business enterprise....Without doubt, one of the greatest risks for businesses is that they are almost exclusively answerable to their investors, thereby limiting their social value. Owing to their growth in scale and the need for more and more capital, it is becoming increasingly rare for business enterprises to be in the hands of a stable director who feels responsible in the long term, not just the short term, for the life and the results of his company, and it is becoming increasingly rare for businesses to depend on a single territory. Moreover, the so-called outsourcing of production can weaken the company's sense of responsibility towards the stakeholders — namely the workers, the suppliers, the consumers, the natural environment and broader society — in favour of the shareholders, who are not tied to a specific geographical area and who therefore enjoy extraordinary mobility....there is...a growing conviction that business management cannot concern itself only with the interests of the proprietors, but must also assume responsibility for all the other stakeholders who contribute to the life of the business....There is no reason to deny that a certain amount of capital can do good, if invested abroad rather than at home. Yet the requirements of justice must be safeguarded, with due consideration for the way in which the capital was generated and the harm to individuals that will result if it is not used where it was produced[97]. What should be avoided is a speculative use of financial resources that yields to the temptation of seeking only short-term profit, without regard for the long-term sustainability of the enterprise, its benefit to the real economy and attention to the advancement, in suitable and appropriate ways, of further economic initiatives in countries in need of development. It is true that the export of investments and skills can benefit the populations of the receiving country....Yet it is not right to export these things merely for the sake of obtaining advantageous conditions, or worse, for purposes of exploitation, without making a real contribution to local society by helping to bring about a robust productive and social system, an essential factor for stable development....
    41. "business enterprise involves a wide range of values, becoming wider all the time....It is in response to the needs and the dignity of the worker, as well as the needs of society, that there exist various types of business enterprise, over and above the simple distinction between 'private' and 'public'....'Political authority' also involves a wide range of values, which must not be overlooked in the process of constructing a new order of economic productivity, socially responsible and human in scale. As well as cultivating differentiated forms of business activity on the global plane, we must also promote a dispersed political authority, effective on different levels. The integrated economy of the present day does not make the role of States redundant, but rather it commits governments to greater collaboration with one another....Alongside economic aid, there needs to be aid directed towards reinforcing the guarantees proper to the State of law....
    42. "Sometimes globalization is viewed in fatalistic terms....Underneath the more visible process, humanity itself is becoming increasingly interconnected; it is made up of individuals and peoples to whom this process should offer benefits and development[103]....a sustained commitment is needed so as to promote a person-based and community-oriented cultural process of world-wide integration that is open to transcendence. Despite some of its structural elements, which should neither be denied nor exaggerated, “globalization, a priori, is neither good nor bad. It will be what people make of it”[104]....
    43. "Many people today would claim that they owe nothing to anyone, except to themselves....Hence it is important to call for a renewed reflection on how rights presuppose duties, if they are not to become mere licence[106]....we are witnessing a grave inconsistency. On the one hand, appeals are made to alleged rights, arbitrary and non-essential in nature, accompanied by the demand that they be recognized and promoted by public structures, while, on the other hand, elementary and basic rights remain unacknowledged and are violated in much of the world[107]. A link has often been noted between claims to a 'right to excess', and even to transgression and vice, within affluent societies, and the lack of food, drinkable water, basic instruction and elementary health care in areas of the underdeveloped world and on the outskirts of large metropolitan centres....
    44. "The notion of rights and duties in development must also take account of the problems associated with population growth....To consider population increase as the primary cause of underdevelopment is mistaken, even from an economic point of view. Suffice it to consider, on the one hand, the significant reduction in infant mortality and the rise in average life expectancy found in economically developed countries, and on the other hand, the signs of crisis observable in societies that are registering an alarming decline in their birth rate. Due attention must obviously be given to responsible procreation, which among other things has a positive contribution to make to integral human development. The Church, in her concern for man's authentic development, urges him to have full respect for human values in the exercise of his sexuality. It cannot be reduced merely to pleasure or entertainment, nor can sex education be reduced to technical instruction aimed solely at protecting the interested parties from possible disease or the 'risk' of procreation. This would be to impoverish and disregard the deeper meaning of sexuality, a meaning which needs to be acknowledged and responsibly appropriated not only by individuals but also by the community. It is irresponsible to view sexuality merely as a source of pleasure, and likewise to regulate it through strategies of mandatory birth control. In either case materialistic ideas and policies are at work, and individuals are ultimately subjected to various forms of violence. Against such policies, there is a need to defend the primary competence of the family in the area of sexuality[111], as opposed to the State and its restrictive policies, and to ensure that parents are suitably prepared to undertake their responsibilities. Morally responsible openness to life represents a rich social and economic resource. Populous nations have been able to emerge from poverty thanks not least to the size of their population and the talents of their people. On the other hand, formerly prosperous nations are presently passing through a phase of uncertainty and in some cases decline, precisely because of their falling birth rates; this has become a crucial problem for highly affluent societies. The decline in births, falling at times beneath the so-called 'replacement level', also puts a strain on social welfare systems, increases their cost, eats into savings and hence the financial resources needed for investment, reduces the availability of qualified labourers, and narrows the 'brain pool' upon which nations can draw for their needs. Furthermore, smaller and at times miniscule families run the risk of impoverishing social relations, and failing to ensure effective forms of solidarity. These situations are symptomatic of scant confidence in the future and moral weariness. It is thus becoming a social and even economic necessity once more to hold up to future generations the beauty of marriage and the family, and the fact that these institutions correspond to the deepest needs and dignity of the person. In view of this, States are called to enact policies promoting the centrality and the integrity of the family founded on marriage between a man and a woman, the primary vital cell of society[112], and to assume responsibility for its economic and fiscal needs, while respecting its essentially relational character.
    45. "Striving to meet the deepest moral needs of the person also has important and beneficial repercussions at the level of economics. The economy needs ethics in order to function correctly — not any ethics whatsoever, but an ethics which is people-centred. Today we hear much talk of ethics in the world of economy, finance and business....It would be advisable, however, to develop a sound criterion of discernment, since the adjective 'ethical' can be abused. When the word is used generically, it can lend itself to any number of interpretations, even to the point where it includes decisions and choices contrary to justice and authentic human welfare....the Church's social doctrine can make a specific contribution, since it is based on man's creation 'in the image of God' (Gen 1:27), a datum which gives rise to the inviolable dignity of the human person and the transcendent value of natural moral norms [Emphasis added]....
    46. "it would appear that the traditionally valid distinction between profit-based companies and non-profit organizations can no longer do full justice to reality, or offer practical direction for the future. In recent decades a broad intermediate area has emerged between the two types of enterprise. It is made up of traditional companies which nonetheless subscribe to social aid agreements in support of underdeveloped countries, charitable foundations associated with individual companies, groups of companies oriented towards social welfare, and the diversified world of the so-called 'civil economy' and the 'economy of communion'. This is not merely a matter of a 'third sector', but of a broad new composite reality embracing the private and public spheres, one which does not exclude profit, but instead considers it a means for achieving human and social ends. Whether such companies distribute dividends or not, whether their juridical structure corresponds to one or other of the established forms, becomes secondary in relation to their willingness to view profit as a means of achieving the goal of a more humane market and society....
    47. "The strengthening of different types of businesses, especially those capable of viewing profit as a means for achieving the goal of a more humane market and society, must also be pursued in those countries that are excluded or marginalized from the influential circles of the global economy....In development programmes, the principle of the centrality of the human person, as the subject primarily responsible for development, must be preserved. The principal concern must be to improve the actual living conditions of the people in a given region....international organizations might question the actual effectiveness of their bureaucratic and administrative machinery, which is often excessively costly. At times it happens that those who receive aid become subordinate to the aid-givers, and the poor serve to perpetuate expensive bureaucracies which consume an excessively high percentage of funds intended for development....
    48. "it is contrary to authentic development to view nature as something more important than the human person. This position leads to attitudes of neo-paganism or a new pantheism....it is also necessary to reject the opposite position, which aims at total technical dominion over nature, because the natural environment is more than raw material to be manipulated at our pleasure; it is a wondrous work of the Creator containing a 'grammar' which sets forth ends and criteria for its wise use, not its reckless exploitation....projects for integral human development cannot ignore coming generations [Emphasis added]....
    49. "The fact that some States, power groups and companies hoard non-renewable energy resources represents a grave obstacle to development in poor countries....The international community has an urgent duty to find institutional means of regulating the exploitation of non-renewable resources, involving poor countries in the process, in order to plan together for the future....The technologically advanced societies can and must lower their domestic energy consumption.... [Image added] It should be added that at present it is possible to achieve improved energy efficiency while at the same time encouraging research into alternative forms of energy. What is also needed, though, is a worldwide redistribution of energy resources, so that countries lacking those resources can have access to them....
    50. "On this earth there is room for everyone: here the entire human family must find the resources to live with dignity, through the help of nature itself — God's gift to his children — and through hard work and creativity. At the same time we must recognize our grave duty to hand the earth on to future generations in such a condition that they too can worthily inhabit it and continue to cultivate it [Emphasis added]....
    51. "The way humanity treats the environment influences the way it treats itself, and vice versa. This invites contemporary society to a serious review of its life-style, which, in many parts of the world, is prone to hedonism and consumerism, regardless of their harmful consequences[122]....If there is a lack of respect for the right to life and to a natural death, if human conception, gestation and birth are made artificial, if human embryos are sacrificed to research, the conscience of society ends up losing the concept of human ecology and, along with it, that of environmental ecology. It is contradictory to insist that future generations respect the natural environment when our educational systems and laws do not help them to respect themselves. The book of nature is one and indivisible: it takes in not only the environment but also life, sexuality, marriage, the family, social relations: in a word, integral human development. Our duties towards the environment are linked to our duties towards the human person, considered in himself and in relation to others. It would be wrong to uphold one set of duties while trampling on the other. Herein lies a grave contradiction in our mentality and practice today: one which demeans the person, disrupts the environment and damages society[Emphasis added].
    52. "Truth, and the love which it reveals, cannot be produced: they can only be received as a gift. Their ultimate source is not, and cannot be, mankind, but only God, who is himself Truth and Love....the vocation to development on the part of individuals and peoples is not based simply on human choice, but is an intrinsic part of a plan that is prior to us and constitutes for all of us a duty to be freely accepted. That which is prior to us and constitutes us — subsistent Love and Truth — shows us what goodness is, and in what our true happiness consists....
    53. "One of the deepest forms of poverty a person can experience is isolation....other kinds of poverty...are born from isolation, from not being loved or from difficulties in being able to love. Poverty is often produced by a rejection of God's love, by man's basic and tragic tendency to close in on himself, thinking himself to be self-sufficient or merely an insignificant and ephemeral fact, a 'stranger' in a random universe....The development of peoples depends, above all, on a recognition that the human race is a single family working together in true communion, not simply a group of subjects who happen to live side by side[127]....As a spiritual being, the human creature is defined through interpersonal relations. The more authentically he or she lives these relations, the more his or her own personal identity matures. It is not by isolation that man establishes his worth, but by placing himself in relation with others and with God. Hence these relations take on fundamental importance. The same holds true for peoples as well....reason finds inspiration and direction in Christian revelation, according to which the human community does not absorb the individual, annihilating his autonomy, as happens in the various forms of totalitarianism, but rather values him all the more because the relation between individual and community is a relation between one totality and another[130]....
    54. "The theme of development can be identified with the inclusion-in-relation of all individuals and peoples within the one community of the human family, built in solidarity on the basis of the fundamental values of justice and peace. This perspective is illuminated in a striking way by the relationship between the Persons of the Trinity within the one divine Substance. The Trinity is absolute unity insofar as the three divine Persons are pure relationality. The reciprocal transparency among the divine Persons is total and the bond between each of them complete, since they constitute a unique and absolute unity. God desires to incorporate us into this reality of communion as well....
    55. "Other cultures and religions teach brotherhood and peace and are therefore of enormous importance to integral human development. Some religious and cultural attitudes, however, do not fully embrace the principle of love and truth and therefore end up retarding or even obstructing authentic human development. There are certain religious cultures in the world today that do not oblige men and women to live in communion but rather cut them off from one other in a search for individual well-being, limited to the gratification of psychological desires. Furthermore, a certain proliferation of different religious 'paths', attracting small groups or even single individuals, together with religious syncretism, can give rise to separation and disengagement. One possible negative effect of the process of globalization is the tendency to favour this kind of syncretism[132] by encouraging forms of 'religion' that, instead of bringing people together, alienate them from one another and distance them from reality. At the same time, some religious and cultural traditions persist which ossify society in rigid social groupings, in magical beliefs that fail to respect the dignity of the person, and in attitudes of subjugation to occult powers. In these contexts, love and truth have difficulty asserting themselves, and authentic development is impeded....while it may be true that development needs the religions and cultures of different peoples, it is equally true that adequate discernment is needed. Religious freedom does not mean religious indifferentism, nor does it imply that all religions are equal[133]. Discernment is needed regarding the contribution of cultures and religions, especially on the part of those who wield political power, if the social community is to be built up in a spirit of respect for the common good [Emphasis added]....
    56. "The Christian religion and other religions can offer their contribution to development only if God has a place in the public realm....The exclusion of religion from the public square — and, at the other extreme, religious fundamentalism — hinders an encounter between persons and their collaboration for the progress of humanity....
    57. "Fruitful dialogue between faith and reason cannot but render the work of charity more effective within society, and it constitutes the most appropriate framework for promoting fraternal collaboration between believers and non-believers in their shared commitment to working for justice and the peace of the human family....subsidiarity is the most effective antidote against any form of all-encompassing welfare state....the principle of subsidiarity is particularly well-suited to managing globalization and directing it towards authentic human development. In order not to produce a dangerous universal power of a tyrannical nature, the governance of globalization must be marked by subsidiarity, articulated into several layers and involving different levels that can work together. Globalization certainly requires authority, insofar as it poses the problem of a global common good that needs to be pursued. This authority, however, must be organized in a subsidiary and stratified way[138], if it is not to infringe upon freedom and if it is to yield effective results in practice.
    58. "The principle of subsidiarity must remain closely linked to the principle of solidarity and vice versa, since the former without the latter gives way to social privatism, while the latter without the former gives way to paternalist social assistance that is demeaning to those in need. This general rule must also be taken broadly into consideration when addressing issues concerning international development aid....Economic aid, in order to be true to its purpose, must not pursue secondary objectives....in the economic sphere, the principal form of assistance needed by developing countries is that of allowing and encouraging the gradual penetration of their products into international markets, thus making it possible for these countries to participate fully in international economic life....
    59. "Cooperation for development must not be concerned exclusively with the economic dimension: it offers a wonderful opportunity for encounter between cultures and peoples.....Evolving societies must remain faithful to all that is truly human in their traditions, avoiding the temptation to overlay them automatically with the mechanisms of a globalized technological civilization....universal moral law provides a sound basis for all cultural, religious and political dialogue, and it ensures that the multi-faceted pluralism of cultural diversity does not detach itself from the common quest for truth, goodness and God. Thus adherence to the law etched on human hearts is the precondition for all constructive social cooperation....
    60. "In the search for solutions to the current economic crisis, development aid for poor countries must be considered a valid means of creating wealth for all....One possible approach to development aid would be to apply effectively what is known as fiscal subsidiarity, allowing citizens to decide how to allocate a portion of the taxes they pay to the State. Provided it does not degenerate into the promotion of special interests, this can help to stimulate forms of welfare solidarity from below, with obvious benefits in the area of solidarity for development as well.
    61. "Greater solidarity at the international level is seen especially in the ongoing promotion — even in the midst of economic crisis — of greater access to education, which is at the same time an essential precondition for effective international cooperation. The term 'education' refers not only to classroom teaching and vocational training — both of which are important factors in development — but to the complete formation of the person. In this regard, there is a problem that should be highlighted: in order to educate, it is necessary to know the nature of the human person, to know who he or she is. The increasing prominence of a relativistic understanding of that nature presents serious problems for education, especially moral education, jeopardizing its universal extension. Yielding to this kind of relativism makes everyone poorer and has a negative impact on the effectiveness of aid to the most needy populations....An illustration of the significance of this problem is offered by the phenomenon of international tourism[141], which can be a major factor in economic development and cultural growth, but can also become an occasion for exploitation and moral degradation....We need...to develop a different type of tourism that has the ability to promote genuine mutual understanding, without taking away from the element of rest and healthy recreation....
    62. "Another aspect of integral human development that is worthy of attention is the phenomenon of migration....we are facing a social phenomenon of epoch-making proportions that requires bold, forward-looking policies of international cooperation if it is to be handled effectively. Such policies should set out from close collaboration between the migrants' countries of origin and their countries of destination; it should be accompanied by adequate international norms able to coordinate different legislative systems with a view to safeguarding the needs and rights of individual migrants and their families, and at the same time, those of the host countries. No country can be expected to address today's problems of migration by itself. We are all witnesses of the burden of suffering, the dislocation and the aspirations that accompany the flow of migrants. The phenomenon, as everyone knows, is difficult to manage; but there is no doubt that foreign workers, despite any difficulties concerning integration, make a significant contribution to the economic development of the host country through their labour, besides that which they make to their country of origin through the money they send home....
    63. "No consideration of the problems associated with development could fail to highlight the direct link between poverty and unemployment....What is meant by the word 'decency' in regard to work? It means work that expresses the essential dignity of every man and woman in the context of their particular society....
    64. "While reflecting on the theme of work, it is appropriate to recall how important it is that labour unions — which have always been encouraged and supported by the Church — should be open to the new perspectives that are emerging in the world of work....union organizations are called to address some of the new questions arising in our society: I am thinking, for example, of the complex of issues that social scientists describe in terms of a conflict between worker and consumer. Without necessarily endorsing the thesis that the central focus on the worker has given way to a central focus on the consumer, this would still appear to constitute new ground for unions to explore creatively. The global context in which work takes place also demands that national labour unions, which tend to limit themselves to defending the interests of their registered members, should turn their attention to those outside their membership, and in particular to workers in developing countries where social rights are often violated....The Church's traditional teaching makes a valid distinction between the respective roles and functions of trade unions and politics. This distinction allows unions to identify civil society as the proper setting for their necessary activity of defending and promoting labour, especially on behalf of exploited and unrepresented workers, whose woeful condition is often ignored by the distracted eye of society.
    65. "Finance...now needs to go back to being an instrument directed towards improved wealth creation and development....Above all, the intention to do good must not be considered incompatible with the effective capacity to produce goods....Right intention, transparency, and the search for positive results are mutually compatible and must never be detached from one another....the experience of micro-finance, which has its roots in the thinking and activity of the civil humanists — I am thinking especially of the birth of pawnbroking [??????]— should be strengthened and fine-tuned. This is all the more necessary in these days when financial difficulties can become severe for many of the more vulnerable sectors of the population, who should be protected from the risk of usury and from despair. The weakest members of society should be helped to defend themselves against usury, just as poor peoples should be helped to derive real benefit from micro-credit, in order to discourage the exploitation that is possible in these two areas. Since rich countries are also experiencing new forms of poverty, micro-finance can give practical assistance by launching new initiatives and opening up new sectors for the benefit of the weaker elements in society, even at a time of general economic downturn.
    66. "Global interconnectedness has led to the emergence of a new political power, that of consumers and their associations. This is a phenomenon that needs to be further explored, as it contains positive elements to be encouraged as well as excesses to be avoided....
    67. "there is a strongly felt need, even in the midst of a global recession, for a reform of the United Nations Organization, and likewise of economic institutions and international finance, so that the concept of the family of nations can acquire real teeth. One also senses the urgent need to find innovative ways of implementing the principle of the responsibility to protect[146] and of giving poorer nations an effective voice in shared decision-making....there is urgent need of a true world political authority....Such an authority would need to be regulated by law, to observe consistently the principles of subsidiarity and solidarity, to seek to establish the common good[147], and to make a commitment to securing authentic integral human development inspired by the values of charity in truth. Furthermore, such an authority would need to be universally recognized and to be vested with the effective power to ensure security for all, regard for justice, and respect for rights[148]. Obviously it would have to have the authority to ensure compliance with its decisions from all parties, and also with the coordinated measures adopted in various international forums....The integral development of peoples and international cooperation require the establishment of a greater degree of international ordering, marked by subsidiarity, for the management of globalization[149]. They also require the construction of a social order that at last conforms to the moral order, to the interconnection between moral and social spheres, and to the link between politics and the economic and civil spheres, as envisaged by the Charter of the United Nations....
    68. "development of peoples is intimately linked to the development of individuals....man needs to look inside himself in order to recognize the fundamental norms of the natural moral law which God has written on our hearts.
    69. "The challenge of development today is closely linked to technological progress, with its astounding applications in the field of biology....
    70. "Technological development can give rise to the idea that technology is self-sufficient when too much attention is given to the 'how' questions, and not enough to the many 'why' questions underlying human activity....when the sole criterion of truth is efficiency and utility, development is automatically denied. True development does not consist primarily in 'doing'. The key to development is a mind capable of thinking in technological terms and grasping the fully human meaning of human activities, within the context of the holistic meaning of the individual's being....human freedom is authentic only when it responds to the fascination of technology with decisions that are the fruit of moral responsibility. Hence the pressing need for formation in an ethically responsible use of technology....
    71. "This deviation from solid humanistic principles that a technical mindset can produce is seen today in certain technological applications in the fields of development and peace. Often the development of peoples is considered a matter of financial engineering, the freeing up of markets, the removal of tariffs, investment in production, and institutional reforms — in other words, a purely technical matter. All these factors are of great importance, but we have to ask why technical choices made thus far have yielded rather mixed results....Development is impossible without upright men and women, without financiers and politicians whose consciences are finely attuned to the requirements of the common good....
    72. "Even peace can run the risk of being considered a technical product, merely the outcome of agreements between governments or of initiatives aimed at ensuring effective economic aid....
    73. "Linked to technological development is the increasingly pervasive presence of the means of social communications....they need to focus on promoting the dignity of persons and peoples, they need to be clearly inspired by charity and placed at the service of truth, of the good, and of natural and supernatural fraternity. In fact, human freedom is intrinsically linked with these higher values. The media can make an important contribution towards the growth in communion of the human family and the ethos of society when they are used to promote universal participation in the common search for what is just.
    74. "A particularly crucial battleground in today's cultural struggle between the supremacy of technology and human moral responsibility is the field of bioethics, where the very possibility of integral human development is radically called into question. In this most delicate and critical area, the fundamental question asserts itself force-fully: is man the product of his own labours or does he depend on God? Scientific discoveries in this field and the possibilities of technological intervention seem so advanced as to force a choice between two types of reasoning: reason open to transcendence or reason closed within immanence. We are presented with a clear either/ or. Yet the rationality of a self-centred use of technology proves to be irrational because it implies a decisive rejection of meaning and value. It is no coincidence that closing the door to transcendence brings one up short against a difficulty: how could being emerge from nothing, how could intelligence be born from chance?[153] Faced with these dramatic questions, reason and faith can come to each other's assistance. Only together will they save man. Entranced by an exclusive reliance on technology, reason without faith is doomed to flounder in an illusion of its own omnipotence. Faith without reason risks being cut off from everyday life[154]....
    75. "In vitro fertilization, embryo research, the possibility of manufacturing clones and human hybrids: all this is now emerging and being promoted in today's highly disillusioned culture, which believes it has mastered every mystery, because the origin of life is now within our grasp. Here we see the clearest expression of technology's supremacy. In this type of culture, the conscience is simply invited to take note of technological possibilities. Yet we must not underestimate the disturbing scenarios that threaten our future, or the powerful new instruments that the 'culture of death' has at its disposal. To the tragic and widespread scourge of abortion we may well have to add in the future — indeed it is already surreptiously present — the systematic eugenic programming of births. At the other end of the spectrum, a pro-euthanasia mindset is making inroads as an equally damaging assertion of control over life that under certain circumstances is deemed no longer worth living. Underlying these scenarios are cultural viewpoints that deny human dignity. These practices in turn foster a materialistic and mechanistic understanding of human life. Who could measure the negative effects of this kind of mentality for development? How can we be surprised by the indifference shown towards situations of human degradation, when such indifference extends even to our attitude towards what is and is not human? What is astonishing is the arbitrary and selective determination of what to put forward today as worthy of respect. Insignificant matters are considered shocking, yet unprecedented injustices seem to be widely tolerated. While the poor of the world continue knocking on the doors of the rich, the world of affluence runs the risk of no longer hearing those knocks, on account of a conscience that can no longer distinguish what is human. God reveals man to himself; reason and faith work hand in hand to demonstrate to us what is good, provided we want to see it; the natural law, in which creative Reason shines forth, reveals our greatness, but also our wretchedness insofar as we fail to recognize the call to moral truth.
    76. "One aspect of the contemporary technological mindset is the tendency to consider the problems and emotions of the interior life from a purely psychological point of view, even to the point of neurological reductionism....we often reduce the self to the psyche and confuse the soul's health with emotional well-being. These over-simplifications stem from a profound failure to understand the spiritual life, and they obscure the fact that the development of individuals and peoples depends partly on the resolution of problems of a spiritual nature....The new forms of slavery to drugs and the lack of hope into which so many people fall can be explained not only in sociological and psychological terms but also in essentially spiritual terms....There cannot be holistic development and universal common good unless people's spiritual and moral welfare is taken into account, considered in their totality as body and soul [emphasis added].
    77. "The supremacy of technology tends to prevent people from recognizing anything that cannot be explained in terms of matter alone. Yet everyone experiences the many immaterial and spiritual dimensions of life....
    78. "Without God man neither knows which way to go, nor even understands who he is....As we contemplate the vast amount of work to be done, we are sustained by our faith that God is present alongside those who come together in his name to work for justice....The greatest service to development, then, is a Christian humanism[157] that enkindles charity and takes its lead from truth, accepting both as a lasting gift from God....ideological rejection of God and an atheism of indifference, oblivious to the Creator and at risk of becoming equally oblivious to human values, constitute some of the chief obstacles to development today....God gives us the strength to fight and to suffer for love of the common good, because he is our All, our greatest hope.
    79. "Development needs Christians with their arms raised towards God in prayer, Christians moved by the knowledge that truth-filled love, caritas in veritate, from which authentic development proceeds, is not produced by us, but given to us. For this reason, even in the most difficult and complex times, besides recognizing what is happening, we must above all else turn to God's love. Development requires attention to the spiritual life, a serious consideration of the experiences of trust in God, spiritual fellowship in Christ, reliance upon God's providence and mercy, love and forgiveness, self-denial, acceptance of others, justice and peace....In union with the only-begotten Son, may all people learn to pray to the Father and to ask him, in the words that Jesus himself taught us, for the grace to glorify him by living according to his will, to receive the daily bread that we need, to be understanding and generous towards our debtors, not to be tempted beyond our limits, and to be delivered from evil (cf. Mt 6:9-13)."

    The Beatitudes from "Jesus of Nazareth"


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    Book & Film Reviews, pt 1

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    And yup, that's me!

    And yup, that's me!
    (from page 1 of the NY Sun, 3/22/04)

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    12/12/08 Interview with Rev. Tad Pacholczyk, Ph.D. of the National Catholic Bioethics Center

    March for Life 2010